Expert in space hydrology - CNES - France
Biologist, Professor Emeritus of the University of Le Mans - Researcher in the Joint Research Unit "Space and Society" of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) - France
The International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine (ICPR) develops, manages and uses different types of Water Information Systems (WIS) that are essential tools for the crossborder exchange and compilation of data within the Rhine river basin.
The ICPR members collect and produce complex data related to water quality and quantity issues. The various stages of the work between the countries within the Rhine basin are supported and accompanied by computer-, model- and GIS-based information systems as presented:
In France, the purpose of the Water Information System (WIS) is the collection, conservation and dissemination of data and indicators on water, aquatic environments, their uses and public services on water distribution and sanitation. It comes under the National Scheme of Water Data (SNDE).
The SNDE is supplemented by technical documents, some of which are produced by SANDRE, and must be respected by all WIS contributors in accordance with Decree No. 2009- 1543 of 11 December 2009.
The ADES website provides public access to data on groundwater chemical quality and groundwater levels, the mapped results, metadata, and a series of information updates.
Data come from more than 70,000 representative monitoring stations scattered all over the country. These stations measure key components of groundwater quality (qualitometers), and groundwater levels (piezometers).
Models and scientific knowledge converge to predict that by 2050, climate change will generate major hydrological changes and will have significant repercussions on the water management and aquatic environments of the Adour-Garonne basin.