PROJECT TITLE :
SUPPORT FOR THE EMERGENCE OF ADAPTATION PROJECTS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS IN THE DALLOL MAOURI PILOT BASIN
The Dallol Maouri sub-basin is located in the far southwest of Niger, in the Dosso region, not far from the borders of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Benin. It has 19 municipalities.
SCALE OF INTERVENTION:
Part of the Dallol Maouri sub-watershed
INCUBATION LED BY:
Dallol Maouri, in the Dosso region, Niger
LOCAL CONTEXT AND ISSUES:
The Dallol Maouri is a watershed characterised by non-permanent flows (talwegs / "koris" and ponds), favouring the development of a rich biodiversity. As such, this basin has been a protected site since 2004 under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The climate is of the Sahelo-Sudanese type on its northern part and the Sudanese type on the southern part. Climate forecasts predict an increase in temperature from 2.0°C to 4.6°C by 2080, an increase in rainfall variability with a rising trend, and more frequent extreme events (heavy rainfall, droughts). An IWRM operationalisation process is currently being put in place by the Nigerien government.
The population is highly dependent on agriculture, which in turn is highly dependent on rainfall and climate.
Significant land use changes have been observed since 1975. Cultivated areas and livestock are increasing to meet growing food needs (the country has one of the highest population growth rates, at around 3.9% (according to the 2012 general population census)). These anthropogenic factors, combined with climatic factors, lead to significant problems of soil degradation (clearing, overgrazing, gullying due to heavy rainfall, reduction in soil fertility, etc). Groundwater resources also present high risks of quality degradation, linked to pesticide use and amplified by climate change.
Thus, climate change could increase food insecurity, malnutrition and exacerbate conflicts for the use of natural resources.
Dallol Maouri ( Mr. Ali Laouel, October 2017)
The incubated project is part of component 3 of Niger's PANGIRE (National Action Plan for Integrated Water Resources Management) entitled "Preservation of the environment and development of resilience to climate change".
The incubated project is also in line with the two fundamental orientations of the Dallol Maouri SDAGE, which are as follows:
- The fundamental orientation n°1: Establish and operationalise the water resources management bodies of the Dallol Maouri sub-basin by 2030.
- The fundamental orientation n°2: Sustainably reinforce the resilience of the Dallol Maouri sub-basin populations by ensuring that their basic needs (water, sanitation, food security, energy) are met comfortably in 2030.
More specifically, the project aims to implement practices that promote sustainable management of water and soil resources, sustainable agro-sylvo-pastoral and food production methods as well as adaptation to climate change:
- Reduce pressure on water resources;
- Reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the promotion/dissemination of Improved or Intensive Rice Systems (SRA/SRI), CO2 sequestration in the biomass of introduced species and in the soil;
- Protect local ecosystems through the dissemination of agro-ecological practices and the establishment of new agro-forestry species;
- Increase the income of producers supported in the development of their production systems;
- Limit conflicts of use between drinking water and irrigation water.
- Improve knowledge of rural areas to facilitate their management and develop production capacities and potential.
- Reduce land conflicts in the Dallol Maouri watershed.
Dallol Maouri ( Mr. Ali Laouel, October 2017)
SDGs TARGETED BY THE PROJECT:
CHALLENGES FACING THE PROJECT:
Water governance - Soil degradation - Food insecurity - Degradation in the quality of water resources
Agriculture - Integrated Water Resources Management - Water security - Food safety
Protection of ecosystems
Preservation of habitats
Limitation of conflicts of use between drinking water and irrigation water
Strengthening of governance
PANGIRE Permanent Secretariat - Ministry of Water and Sanitation
Dosso Regional Council
State of Niger through its decentralized technical services at the level of the Dosso region and the Department of Dogon Doutchi
PANGIRE and 6 communities (Doutchi, Tibiri, Yélou, Karakara, Kiéché, Matankari)
Dosso Regional Council
State of Niger
Project financed by:
Possibly World Bank and/or French Development Agency
ESTIMATED COST OF PROJECTS IDENTIFIED FOR INCUBATION:
6,8 milion euros
SHORT-TERM ACTION (3 YEARS)
Part 1 – Agricultural practices promoting sustainable use of water and soil
- Participatory development of the development plan of the sub-watershed, where several water supply sources will be captured;
- Protection of resources through the promotion of climate-smart agricultural practices: 50 ha of agro-forestry facilities will be established in each municipality, particularly in the area close to the source (or at the level of permanent ponds) in order to densify the vegetation and promote water infiltration to the detriment of runoff and erosion;
- Efficient use of water resources: distribution to 100 producers of Improved or Intensive Rice Systems (SRA-SRI) to greatly reduce irrigation water consumption, optimization of water use by crops off-season market gardening and maintenance of water in the soil by reducing evaporation, increasing infiltration and improving the useful reserve of the soil: drip systems, soil cover, organic inputs, etc ;
- Make women's cooperatives and those of market gardeners operational in order to boost incomes and make the production and marketing chain more beneficial;
- Measure the impact: since a significant impact cannot be measured over a single year of intervention, the impact measurement activities will focus on defining the initial state of the "rainfall/flow" relationships, both level of the source and the outlet of the Dallol sub-basin. The measurements for the next few years will be used to assess, with constant rainfall, the improvement in the above-mentioned flows.
Part 2 – Governance and planning Support for the implementation of the Dosso Land Development Plan (SAF):
- Strengthen the legal framework for land governance, through the adoption of SAF application documents;
- Strengthen the institutional framework of land governance, in particular through the formation of groups of actors for the implementation of the SAF;
- Strengthen the rural cadastre: inventory of rural natural resources, sensitization of rural operators for the registration of rights over these resources;
- Strengthen the capacities for managing the implementation of the SAF: set up and operationalize the system for guiding and coordinating the implementation of the SAF, train and equip the actors of the system, update and make accessible the FAS database;
- Set up and operationalize local IWRM bodies (local water management committees at municipal level in the Dallol Maouri sub-basin);
- Strengthen the development capacities of ASPH spaces (Agricultural, Forestry, Pastoral and Fisheries): development of Land Use Plans (POS); development of Land Development Plans (PAF); mobilization of rural operators, communities and partners for the implementation of the main orientations of the SAF;
- Develop and implement a communication and advocacy plan for the implementation of the main orientations of the project.
The component 1 is to be implemented in 6 municipalities identified during the discussion workshops: Doutchi, Tibiri, Yélou, Karakara, Kiéché. Mantakari. While component 2 is transversal and covers the entire sub-basin of the Dallol Maouri in its implementation, with a strong involvement of the Regional Council of Dosso.
LONG-TERM ACTION (10 YEARS)
The actions are mainly planned over 3 years, but some, particularly in part 2, could be implemented over a longer period.